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From the Instituto Tecnológico de la Energía (ITE) we have the objective of facilitating the process of sustainable and efficient energy transition to companies and society.


Synthesis and development of present and future generation low cobalt cathode materials for lithium ion batteries.


The CABCO project proposes to address the improvement and development of present and future generation materials, such as NMC 811 and Li-Rich NMC, for their application in lithium batteries. This challenge takes two forms. On the one hand, through the study of different industrializable synthetic routes for the preparation of NMC 811 . On the other hand, through the inclusion of improvements in NMC 811 through the use of doping, which are easily extrapolated to the industry to improve, in the short term, the technologies currently on the market and through the development of future generation materials, by adapting the synthesis of NMC 811 to prepare Li-Rich NMC. In this way, the industrial processes currently used for the NMC can be adapted to the synthesis of a more efficient technology with greater energy storage capacity.


Development of cathodes with a lower cobalt content for industrial applications.


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  • Study of the different synthetic routes of current and future generation cathode materials with low cobalt content, scalable to industrial processes. 
  • Route selection and introduction of material improvements. 
  • Adaptation of selected routes for use for future generation materials. 
  • Optimization of improved routes and integration of materials into electrodes 
  • Study of the electrodes in different conditions to know the most optimal uses for them. 

2021 Results 

  • Study of the state of the art in techniques for the synthesis of cathode materials with high nickel content. 
  • Synthesis of functional NMC811 using co-precipitation, combustion and ball mill techniques. 
  • Post-processing of NMC 811 for the preparation of cathode electrodes. 
  • Cathode electrode preparation and half-cell characterizations. 
  • Optimization of synthesis using a ball mill at different agitation speeds. 

2022 Results 

  • Optimization of optimal synthesis conditions, grinding speed and time, and optimal temperature and calcination time to obtain an improved NMC 811 material. 
  • Particle size optimization such as high-energy grinding, at different grinding times and speeds to try to obtain an appropriate size distribution. 
  • Extrapolation study of the synthesis route to Li-rich NMC. 
  • Electrochemical characterization of optimal cathodes obtained. 


72.284,37 €



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