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ZEB (Zero Emission Bus)

ZEB (Zero Emission Bus)


The project “Decision Support Model (TCO) for Transition to Zero Emission Bus” is framed within the European innovation programme for the fight against climate change “Climate-KIC”, since the transition to a zero emission public transport model in European cities is one of the objectives of the consortium that defines it. In that context of sustainable urban mobility is where the project ZEB was born, which is focused on the optimization of the TCO model (Total Costs of Ownership), that is developed with the aim of delving into the factors that affect the total costs of the implementation and operation of a zero emission urban public bus service, with the aim of making easier the decision-making about the implementation of this transport model.
To develop the project, they are studied various application scenarios that have different stages of implementation, such as the city of Castellón, where it is planned the integration of electric vehicles, or Schipol (Amsterdam Airport), Utrecht and London, where it already exists a pilot public transport that uses an advanced technology able to reduce emissions and improve the public transport service.


To make easier the decision-making about the implementation of a zero emission public transport model in European cities.


Data collection: collection of the variables needed to develop, carry out and validate the TCO model, regarding the case study of Castellón, including the following aspects:

  • General questions relating to the public transport service of Castellón.
  • Service area planned for the implementation of the electric bus.
  • Characteristics of the bus service: operation – maintenance – use.
  • Description of the decision-making and public tender process regarding the management of the service: Operating Agent.
  • Description of operational and performance factors of diesel buses.

Evaluation of recharge infrastructures: Analysis and evaluation of the most feasible scenarios for the implementation of the electric bus, including the cost-benefit study in the Smart grid context:

  • Technological feasibility analysis in recharge infrastructures and integration with renewable energies.
  • Analysis of costs: equipment – facilities – services.
  • Introduction of the sustainable urban transport in the Smart grid.

Final analysis of the results and conclusions on the implementation cases and TCO Model.

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