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Biomass Energy Characterization and Evaluation Laboratory

Biomass resources evaluation and studies for its explotation. Studies of conversion technologies. Development of carbon materials from agricultural waste.

Biomass characterization includes the following analysis:

Sample preparation 

Immediate analysis

  • Moisture, according to EN ISO 18134-3:2015
  • Content of volatile matter, according to EN ISO 18123:2015
  • Ash content, according to EN ISO 18122:2015

Basic analysis

  • Carbon, according to EN ISO 16948:2015
  • Hydrogen, according to EN ISO 16948:2015
  • Nitrogen, according to EN ISO 16948:2015

S and Cl analysis

  • Sulfur, according to EN ISO 16994:2015
  • Chlorine, according to EN ISO 16994:2015

Determination of the calorific value

  • Higher calorific value (HCV), according to EN 14918:2009
  • Lower heating value (LHV) (calculated)

Minor elements

  • As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb and Zn, according to EN ISO 16968:2015

Major elements

  • Al, Ca, Fe, Mg, P, K, Si, Na and Ti, according to EN ISO 16967:2015

Pellets analysis and classification 

  • Total moisture, according to EN ISO 18134-1:2015
  • Bulk density, according to EN 15103:2009
  • Determination of mechanical durability of pellets and briquettes, according to EN 15210-1:2009
  • Size: length and diameter, according to EN ISO 17829:2015
  • Particle size distribution of disintegrated pellets, according to EN 16126:2012
  • ENplus® quality certification, according to European standards EN ISO 17225-2:2014

Analysis of ash deriving from biomass

  • Ash inorganic composition (major elements), according to EN ISO 16967:2015
  • Characteristic temperatures for the ash melting in oxidant atmosphere, according to CEN/TS 15370-1

Other analysis

  • Water-soluble alkali components contents (Na+K), according to EN
  • Particle size distribution, according to EN 15149-1:2010

Other analysis services

  • Thermo-gravimetry analysis – differential thermal analysis (TGA and DTA). Decomposition profiles in oxidant and inert atmosphere.
  • Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). Determination of calorimetric flow dependent on temperature.
  • Chromatographic analysis of decomposition gases. Determination of H2, O2, N2, CO, CO2, CH4, C2H4, C2H6, C3H8.
  • Kinetic studies. Determination of kinetic parameters in thermal decomposition of organic matter.

Life-cycle analysis

  • Complete study and analysis of the life-cycle on materials, devices and products.