The Instituto de Tecnología Cerámica (ITC) and the Instituto Tecnológico de la Energía (ITE), both members of the Red de Institutos Tecnológicos de la Comunitat Valenciana (REDIT), are cooperating for the development of a project named TECEM: Development of new technologies for the environmental and energy analysis and the optimization of the manufacturing process of ceramic tiles. This study, funded by the Instituto Valenciano de Competitividad Empresarial (IVACE) of the Generalitat Valenciana, through the European Funds for the Regional Development ERDF, aims at “improving the current energy and environmental situation of the production process of ceramic tiles, since it needs a high energy consumption, mainly thermal, in addition to a significant electricity consumption in all its stages.”
Both entities propose the design and development of various technological solutions, directed to the reduction of the energy consumption in the process and CO2 emissions. One of these solutions is the development of a computer tool that allows connecting energy consumption data with the production. Reference values in different production contexts will be obtained in order to facilitate the detection of inefficient situations and accelerate the corresponding correction. In this way, unnecessary over consumptions of natural gas will be avoided and, at the same time, it will be possible to correctly assess the energy savings obtained by implementing energy saving measures.
Other planned action is the analysis of the introduction of renewable energies in the production process, with the aim of reducing the natural gas consumption and making easier the use of new and cleaner energy sources in industrial processes.
“In addition,”-they add-“it is planned the development of membranes for the capture of CO2 contained in funnel gases and the study on the generation of electricity by recycling residual energy, with the aim of minimizing energy dispersion and optimizing the use the energy resources involved”.
Technological solutions proposed by ITC and ITE are based on key points established by European regulations for the reduction of the energy dependence of industry and for the increase of sustainability in industrial processes. These points are percisely the improvement of energy efficiency, the reduction of natural gas consumption and the minimization of CO2 emissions.